Perspectives on 
Foreign Policy









on education 

on housing 

on foreign policy


The Role of 
Public Diplomacy
in the Evolution of
United States–China
1972 through 2002


I.  The Getting-to-
Know-You Years, 
1972 through 1979


II.  1980 through 2000:
The Years of Explosive
Growth in Travel, 
Investment, Commerce, 
and Cross-Cultural
Study and Language


III.  Todays United States-
China Interdependence:
Lessons Learned and
Their Application to the
Current United States- 

Islam Divide







I.  The getting-to-know-you years, page 5 of 5





1.From the U.S. State Department’s job description for Charlotte Beers’s position:  “U.S. engagement in the world and the Department of State's engagement of the American public are indispensable to the conduct of foreign policy. The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs helps ensure that public diplomacy (engaging, informing, and influencing key international audiences) is practiced in harmony with public affairs (outreach to Americans) and traditional diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and security and to provide the moral basis for U.S. leadership in the world."

2. Tai chi (or tai chi chuan) is a Chinese system of physical exercises that are designed to help individuals develop self-discipline and inner harmony.

3. Known in English as Inner Mongolia.  

4. Formerly Pinkiang.  Capital of Heilongjiang province, northeast China, almost the exact center of Manchuria. 

5. The Daqing Oil Field:  Situated in a large plateau between the Songhua River and Nunjiang River in Heilongjiang Province, the Daqing Oil Field is the largest comprehensive oil production base in China. It is also among the largest oil fields the world over. It was put into operation in May of 1960, soon producing two-thirds of the national total. By 1976, the output of its crude oil reached 50.3 million tons making it one of the 10 largest oil fields in the world. Since then on, it has well maintained an output of crude oil standing at 50 million tons or more. Statistics show that Daqing's proven recoverable reserves exceed 5.3 billion tons, and it has produced crude oil of 1.405 billion tons, accounting for 47.2 percent of the national total. 

Note:  "The romanization system called pinyin, introduced by the Chinese in the 1950s, has now largely supplanted the older Wade-Giles romanization system and the place-name spellings of the Postal Atlas of China.  Many individual scholars, however, long familiar with Wade-Giles or other older systems, have not switched to pinyin in their books, and some use pinyin only sporadically. . . . In an attempt to reproduce sounds more accurately, pinyin spellings often differ markedly from older ones, and personal names are usually spelled without apostrophes or hyphens."  The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th edition, University of Chicago Press, 1993, page 338.  

     For the sake of consistency, the Larson Report editors have attempted wherever possible to use the pinyin spellings for the names of people and places. For example, Mao Tse-tung is Mao Zedong in pinyin, Teng Hsiao-p'ing is Deng Xiaoping, Chou En-lai is Zhou Enlai, and Chiang Kai-shek is Chiang Kaishek. Also, Kuang-tung is Guangdong in pinyin, and Shang-hai is Shanghai in pinyin.  The pinyin name Beijing was Pei-ching or Pei-p'ing in the Wade-Giles system and Peking or Peiping in the Postal Atlas system.


introduction       page 1         page 2          page 3          page 4

     endnotes             biographical notes          bibliography